Key Concepts


The concept of multitenancy allows for isolating environments within the same Opstrace cluster. Tenants are logically isolated, but otherwise share the same (physical) base system.

Tenants can be used for logical separation of concerns (e.g., prod. vs. ci), for isolating teams and people, or for any kind of categorization that makes sense in your specific use case.

Each Opstrace cluster comes with a "system tenant" which ingests cluster-internal system logs and metrics.

Upon Opstrace cluster creation, at least one "user tenant" must be specified.

Data API

The data API of an Opstrace cluster encompasses HTTP API endpoints meant for pushing data into and querying from that Opstrace cluster.

That is, if you consider an Opstrace cluster as a black box, the data API is how you get your payload data into the cluster, and how you can look it up again.

The most prominent use case for the data API is for external systems to push logs (via e.g. FluentD or Promtail) or metrics (via Prometheus' remote_write protocol) into an Opstrace cluster.

Data API authentication

An external system that desires to integrate with the data API needs to present authentication proof, a "data API token".

Upon Opstrace cluster creation, one such API token file is generated per tenant. These tokens are long-lived and need to be managed carefully by the Opstrace cluster administrator.

Anatomy of a data API token, and how to present it

A data API token is a long-lived JSON Web Token (JWT) signed with an RSA private key. It gets issued by the Opstrace cluster management CLI as part of the cluster create operation.

A data API token contains a set of standard JWT claims as well as an Opstrace cluster-specific claim set.

To authenticate an HTTP request towards the data API, the API token must be presented within an Authorization header using the so-called Bearer scheme:

Authorization: Bearer <token>

Background: key material, and the concept of a non-sensitive cluster config

At the time of writing, the private key for token creation is generated upon cluster creation time within the Opstrace cluster management CLI. It never enters the Opstrace cluster itself and is in fact persisted nowhere.

The corresponding public key, though, is passed into the Opstrace cluster and is then subsequently used within the data API authenticator to cryptographically validate each putative authentication token presented within incoming HTTP requests.

Given these details, you can think of the API tokens as long-lived client certificates -- it's just that instead X.509 the system uses JWT as the meta data container format.

Note that this concept does not allow for secure, immediate, individual API token revocation: the most predictable (and secure) way to invalidate API tokens in this model is to invalidate all of them at the same time by using a fresh public key for token verification.